Human rights defenders in DRC get support from over 200 NGOs

June 18, 2015

On 15 June 2015, 0ver 200 human rights NGOs urge the Democratic Republic of Congo to show respect for freedom of expression and assembly by freeing the “Filimbi activists“.  Expression, Assembly The two activists were arrested three months ago, on 15 March during a pro-democracy youth workshop in the Democratic Republic of CongoFred Bauma and Yves Makwambala were arrested at the workshop organized to launch “Filimbi,” a platform to encourage Congolese youth to peacefully and responsibly perform their civic duties.
Congolese authorities should stop violating basic freedom of expression and assembly rights that are protected under Congo’s constitution and international human rights law,” said Ida Sawyer, senior Africa researcher at Human Rights Watch. “Filimbi and others should be allowed to hold workshops on the democratic process without fear of arrest.”

A parliamentary “information mission,” established on March 27 to examine how Congo’s security services managed the Filimbi dossier, found no evidence indicating that the Filimbi leaders and workshop participants were involved in or planning any terrorist or other violent crimes, says its report, of which the organizations obtained a copy. Following a debate about the report during closed sessions of parliament on June 12 and 13, Congo’s National Assembly recommended a “political solution” that would allow for the release of the two activists still in detention, according to members of parliament who attended the debate.

On March 15, Congo’s National Intelligence Agency (Agence Nationale de Renseignements, ANR) arrested about 30 pro-democracy activists and others at a Filimbi workshop in Kinshasa, the Congolese capital, including Senegalese and Burkinabe activists, a United States diplomat, foreign and Congolese journalists, and Congolese activists, musicians, artists, and logisticians. Another Filimbi activist was arrested on March 16. Others associated with Filimbi, including a graphic artist who designed the Filimbi logo and Rawbank employees who managed the Filimbi bank account, were also later arrested by the ANR.

The authorities released most of the detainees in the first week, but two remain in detention: Fred Bauma, member of a Goma-based movement, The Struggle for Change (La Lutte pour le Changement, LUCHA), and Yves Makwambala, a webmaster and graphic artist.

After being held for over 40 days by the ANR without charge or access to legal assistance and without being brought before competent judicial authorities, Makwambala and Bauma were transferred to the public prosecutor’s office on April 24 and May 4, respectively. They are now at Kinshasa’s central prison. 

Makwambala and Bauma, as well as four Filimbi leaders who have not been arrested, were charged with belonging to an association formed for the purpose of attacking people and property, forming a conspiracy against the head of state, and attempting to either destroy or change the “constitutional regime” or incite people to take up arms against state authority. The authorities have also charged Bauma with disturbing the peace, and Makwambala with publicly offending the head of state.

During a news conference on 18 March, Communications Minister Lambert Mende said that the Filimbi leaders were planning “terrorist activities” and a “violent insurrection.” Judicial officials have told human rights activists in private that there is no evidence to back up the charges, but that the charges were part of a dossier handed to them by intelligence officials.

“Congolese authorities have held Fred Bauma and Yves Makwambala for months without any credible basis,” Jean-Claude Katende, national president of the African Association for the Defense of Human Rights (ASADHO) in Congo, said. “Both should be immediately and unconditionally released and all charges against them dropped. Congolese judicial authorities should assert their independence and ensure the protection of rights recognized by the Constitution, Congolese laws, and the international human rights treaties ratified by Congo.”


In Goma, in eastern Congo, in March and April, the authorities arrested and later released at least 15 activists from the LUCHA youth movement who were demonstrating peacefully to demand the release of their colleagues detained in Kinshasa. Some alleged that they were beaten or tortured through a form of near-drowning by intelligence agents and police who arrested them. Four were granted provisional release but face charges of inciting disobedience to public authority.

The arrests of the Filimbi members and of activists who held protests to support them came in the context of a broader crackdown on political party leaders, activists, and others who have peacefully protested attempts to allow Congo’s President Joseph Kabila to stay in power past his constitutionally mandated two-term limit, which ends in late 2016.

Congolese authorities should also release other activists and political party leaders who have been detained because of their peaceful political views or participation in non-violent demonstrations or other activities, the rights organizations said. The human rights defender Christopher Ngoyi and political party leaders Cyrille Dowe, Jean-Claude Muyambo, Jean-Bertrand Ewanga, Ernest Kyaviro, and Vano Kalembe Kiboko have all been detained for over four months, in some cases without charge and without access to their families or lawyers, for what appear to be politically motivated reasons. 

Congolese authorities – and especially the intelligence services – have carried out unlawful arrests to silence dissent and clamp down on human rights in the lead-up to the 2016 elections,” said Sarah Jackson, Amnesty International’s Deputy Regional Director for East Africa, the Horn and the Great Lakes. “They should take urgent steps to end the clampdown and to ensure respect for freedom of expression and peaceful assembly.

For the parliamentary mission’s report, visit: 

For the response from Filimbi leaders to the parliamentary mission’s report, visit:

For a question-and-answer document about Filimbi by Congolese human rights organizations, visit: OMCT-LOGO

Congo, Democratic Republic: Free ‘Filimbi’ Activists: Over 200 Rights Groups Urge Respect for Free Expression, Assembly / June 15, 2015 / Statements / Human rights defenders / OMCT.

One Response to “Human rights defenders in DRC get support from over 200 NGOs”

  1. […] LUCHA (Lutte pour le Changement, or “fight for change”) is a community-based youth movement committed to peaceful protest in Goma, eastern DRC. It focuses on social issues, human rights and protecting civilians from armed groups. At least nine people connected to the movement are currently in jail. In March 2015, LUCHA member Fred Bauma was arrested alongside 26 other activists when security forces stormed a youth workshop. [see also:…%5D […]

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